"Spots found on the face are usually harmless (moles, seborrhoeic keratoses) but they can be a cosmetic problem, especially when there are a lot of them. Face spots may be brown, dark brown, black, red or white and they may be due to different causes. Since the face is exposed to many environmental factors like sunlight, pollution, and microorganisms, it is vulnerable to problematic skin changes. Treatment of these common problems depends on the cause, which is often easily diagnosed with the help of a dermatologist.
See a Doctor if you notice any changes to spots on the face or if you see anything that is unusual."
Source: Skin & Cancer Foundation Queen Victoria
There are many possible causes of spots on the face. These include:
Acne which includes pimples can leave pink or red-colored spots on the face. Acne is usually caused by clogged pores, bacteria and excessive oil. Some cases are mild, but others can be severe, which may leave acne marks or scars long after pimples have healed.
Source: Meisenheimer Clinic
Post Inflammatory Skin Changes
Post-inflammatory skin changes due to insect bites, chicken pox and trauma (injury).
Source: Principles of Dermatology
Age Spots (Brown Spots on Skin)
Age Spots on Skin
How to remove brown spots on skin caused by age spots. Anyone that spends time outside, or that uses tanning beds can get them on the skin. The sun causes the production of melanin in the skin
Age spots (also called solar lentigines or liver spots) are due to prolonged and repeated exposure to sunlight. Ultraviolet exposure increases the production of melanin, a brown pigment produced in the deeper layers of the skin, which can result in the appearance of spots on face.
Source: Meisenheimer Clinic
Are Age Spots Dangerous?
If age spots are growing quickly, have an irregular border, are red tender or bleeding, or are very dark or black, see your Doctor for a skin check.
How to Get Rid of Age Spots
You can get rid of age spots naturally with products such as:
- onion juice: studies show onion extract helps to remove scarring on the skin and reduces skin lesions.
- apple cider vinegar: contains alpha hydroxy acids that help to remove dead skin.
Other Causes of Brown Spots on Skin
Other causes of brown spots on the face include:
- skin injury such as surgery
- after sun exposure
- acne (after condition clears)
Melasma spots are similar to age spots or hyperpigmentation. They cause large areas of dark skin to appear. It is usually caused by hormonal changes, such as during pregnancy. It can also be a side effect of birth control pills.
Tinea versicolor, a fungal infection caused by Pityrosporumovale. This skin infection is a chronic condition that can leave spots on face that are reddish-pink to white in color.
Moles and Skin Tags
Moles that are harmless:
- Are 1mm to 10mm in size
- Have a uniform color and shape such as black or brown
- Have even borders
Watch moles to see if they have changed. If they do, have the mole checked by a dermatologist.
Source: Meisenheimer Clinic
Pityriasis Alba (White Spots on Face)
Pityriasis Alba and White Spots on the Face
Dr. Rasya Dixit reviews causes of white spots on the face and how to get rid of the problem.
Pityriasis alba is a chronic skin condition that is similar to eczema and commonly affects young adolescents and children. The skin spots are usually dry and scaly. It is more frequently seen during the summer and in families that have a history of eczema, allergy or asthma. It is an inflammatory skin disease that usually disappears by age 30.
It may cause a mild itch that can be treated with PraxLotion . Moisturizer can address and dry skin patches. Patients with this disorder should use sunscreen to prevent the patches from becoming more pronounced.
Other causes of white spots on skin include:
- polymorphous light eruption (sun reaction)
- using harsh face washes
- allergy to certain skin products
- vitiligo (irregular what patches on the skin)
To get rid of this problem, trying using a PH balanced gentle face wash, use a water based moisturizer and a broad spectrum sunscreen.
Hormonal changes can cause skin discoloration that can appear as large brown spots on the face. These may be due to the intake of hormones, birth control pills or pregnancy.
Seborrhoeic keratoses is a skin spot that appears like it is sitting on the top of the skin. Its' color varies from black to orange or brown. The size is several centimeters wide.
Most individuals get one or two of these spots before age 60.
Solar Keratoses (Sunspots)
Sunspots are an indication that you might be prone to skin cancer The spots on the face can be flat and red in color. They may scale from dry skin and sting when scratched.
They are primarily seen in people over age 40.
Melanoma (Skin Cancers)
Melanoma refers to cancerous skin moles. If it not treated is con spread to other parts of the body.
A melanoma will appear as either a new spot on the face or a skin spot that changes in shape, size or color.
Simple ways to evaluate a melanoma are:
- when the spot is not symmetrical (one side does not match the other)
- irregular or ragged edges
- the color is not uniform (the same)
- larger than 1/2" across
See our guide to examining the ABCDE's of a skin mole.
Other types of skin cancer are nodular melanoma, basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma.
Source: Skin & Cancer Foundation Victoria
The diagnosis for spots on face is easily made by a physician upon taking a medical history and a physical examination. Laboratory tests such as skin biopsy or blood tests may be done if the spots are suspicious for cancer.
Spots on the face that are due to acne or other post-inflammatory changes usually appear as reddish to dark brown discolorations that may be accompanied by scarring and pitting. Skin changes may evolve within six to twelve months after the initial lesion has healed.
Brown spots due to aging usually appear after the age of 40 and are common among fair-skinned individuals, but they can also be seen in people with dark skin. These spots may appear as small freckles although they may clump together, making the spots appear bigger. There are no other symptoms, associated with age spots.
Spots due to Tinea versicolor have sharp edges and fine scales, and they may be accompanied by itching and sweating.
Moles and skin tags are usually harmless and unaccompanied by other symptoms, unless they are located in areas that may be irritated or scratched. One must be aware that when these spots become irregular in shape, size, and color, or undergo rapid changes accompanied by bleeding, one must consider skin cancer or melanoma.
Face spots due to Pityriasis alba are round or oval and usually start as red or pink blotches, that eventually dissipate and are replaced by white patches which are flaky, scaly and itchy.
Dark patches associated with hormonal changes may disappear after the delivery of the baby or after hormones are discontinued. No other symptoms are experienced.
Treatment for spots on face depends upon the cause and diagnosis. Some of these spots may be difficult to treat and therapy may take more than a few weeks. Although there are many over-the-counter products that can help improve these discolorations, it is best to seek dermatological advice.
Treatments may include topical skin care products to improve skin color, drugs to treat infection, clinical procedures like phototherapy, chemical peeling, microdermabrasion, and laser treatment.
Many prescription and over-the-counter products use hydroquinone as the active ingredient. Prescription products have 2x the amount. For more chronic problems, a Doctor might prescribe a cortisone cream or a cream with tretinoin.
Hydroquinone works by interfering with the production of skin melanin. Conditions treated with hydroquinone include:
- age spots (lentigines)
Source: MD Complete
Laser treatments are also used to remove spots on the face (ruby and q-switched lasers).
Many types of face spots are caused by the sun, so use sunscreen that blocks both UVA and UVB rays. One day in the sun can reduce the effects of being treated for months.
by: Kaiser Permanente
by: American Academy of Dermatology